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The Egyptian Predynastic: A review of the evidence

"In the 4th millenium B.C. two different Predynastic cultures, both of which practiced agriculture, evolved in Egypt: the Nagada culture in the south and the Maadi culture in the north. settlement sites of the latter are much better preserved, but in the south, where most of the archaeological evidence is from cemeteries, there is much greater evidence for the evolution of social hierarchies and complex societies. A review of the archaeological evidence for the Predynastic suggests that the early state had its cultural origins in the south, although the processes involved in the emergence of the state in Egypt can only be hypothesized at this time."

Author(s):  Bard, Kathryn
Format:  Article
Publisher:  The Antiquity of Man: Exploring human evolution and the dawn of civilisation
Source:  Journal of Field Archaeology, Fall 1994