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Nomads, Tribes, and the State in the Ancient Near East: Cross-disciplinary Perspectives

"For decades, scholars have struggled to understand the complex relationship between pastoral nomadic tribes and sedentary peoples of the Near East. The Oriental Institute’s fourth annual post-doc seminar (March 7-8, 2008), Nomads, Tribes, and the State in the Ancient Near East, brought together archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists to discuss new approaches to enduring questions in the study of nomadic peoples, tribes, and states of the past: What social or political bonds link tribes and states? Could nomadic tribes exhibit elements of urbanism or social hierarchies? How can the tools of historical, archaeological, and ethnographic research be integrated to build a dynamic picture of the social landscape of the Near East? This volume presents a range of data and theoretical perspectives from a variety of regions and periods, including prehistoric Iran, ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, seventh-century Arabia, and nineteenth-century Jordan.Table of Contents: 1. Integrating Approaches to Nomads, Tribes, and the State in the Ancient Near East. Jeffrey Szuchman, University of Chicago Section One: Integrating Methods: Historical, Archaeological, and Ethnographic Data 2. The Archaeology of Pastoral Nomads between the Nile and the Red Sea. Hans Barnard, University of California, Los Angeles 3. Egypt and the Vanishing Libyan: Institutional Responses to a Nomadic People. Robert Ritner, University of Chicago 4. History Does Not Repeat Itself: Cyclicity and Particularism in Nomad-Sedentary Relations in the Negev in the Long Term. Steven A. Rosen, Ben-Gurion University 5. Pitching Camp: Ethnoarchaeological Investigations of Inhabited Tent Camps in the Wadi Hisma, Jordan. Benjamin Adam Saidel, East Carolina University 6. Tribal Societies in the Nineteenth Century: A Model. Eveline van der Steen, University of Liverpool Section Two: Integrating Paradigms of Tribe-State Interaction 7. Specific Characteristics of Chalcolithic and Bronze Age Pastoralism in the Near East. Anatoly M. Khazanov, University of Wisconsin-Madison 8. Prehistoric Mobile Pastoralists in South-central and Southwestern Iran. Abbas Alizadeh, University of Chicago 9. Pastoral Nomads and Iron Age Metal Production in Ancient Edom. Thomas E. Levy, University of California, San Diego 10. Who Lived in the Third-millennium “Round Cities” of Northern Syria?. Bertille Lyonnet, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 11. Beyond Dimorphism: Ideologies and Materialities of Kinship as Time-Space Distanciation. Anne Porter, University of Southern California 12. Kingship of City and Tribe Conjoined: Zimri-Lim at Mari. Daniel E. Fleming, New York University 13. From Pastoral Peasantry to Tribal Urbanites: Arab Tribes and the Foundation of the Islamic State in Syria. Donald Whitcomb, University of Chicago Section Three: Response 14. Pastoral Mobility as an Adaptation. Frank Hole, Yale University"

Author(s):  Szuchman, Jeffrey
Format:  Book
Publisher:  The Oriental Institute
Publication City:  Chicago
Date:  2008
ISBN:  978-1-885923-61-5
Series:  Oriental Institute Seminars 5