Skip to main content

Three-Dimensional Mapping of Environmental and Prehistoric Cultural Features in the Beidha Region with Spaceborne and Airborne Imagery

"Satellite and aerial radar data, multispectral imagery, and photographs are being analyzed to illuminate relationships between cultural and natural features in the region of Beidha. Preliminary findings are that Beidha occupied a location nearly ideal to the development of agriculture and animal domestication. Analysis of the water catchment area for Beidha indicates that it was situated at the near optimal location from which to enjoy cumulative water flow from at least three springs at higher elevations and runoff with regard to water drainage patterns, environmental zones native to eventual plant and animal domesticates, shelter from climatic extremes, agricultural soils, defensible positions, and sources of high-quality lithic material. Future analysis will also investigate proximity to migration routes for animals and trade and migration routes for humans. Both may have provided stimuli for the domestication of plants and animals and promoted diffusion of technological and social innovations."

Author(s):  Comer, Douglas C
Format:  Article
Publisher:  ESRI GIS and Mapping Software
Source:  ESRI GIS and Mapping Software: Online Papers on GIS in Archaeology