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"The queens of ancient Egypt (i.e., the kings’ wives and kings’ mothers) were distinguished by a set of specific titles and insignia that characterized them as the earthly embodiment of the divine feminine principle. By ensuring the continued renewal of kingship, they played an important role in the ideology of kingship. As the highest-ranking female members of the royal household, queens occupied a central position at court, as well. However, only in individual cases did they hold substantial political power."

Author(s):  Roth, Silke
Format:  Article
Publisher:  eScholarship at California Digital Library
Date:  2009
Source:  UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology